These amazing pictures were taken in 1889 by Abd al-Ghaffar al-Sayyid, an Indian doctor who lived in Mecca. They are considered the oldest photos on the pilgrimage to Mecca, the fifth pillar of Islam.

The Masjid Al Haram (Holy Mosque), this mosque which is located in Mecca is the first shrine of Islam. The Kaaba is at the center

 

The city of Mecca taken from different angles

 

The inhabitants of Mecca owned merchant elites

The plain of Mina located a few kilometers east of Mecca, is the first stage of the pilgrimage, the pilgrims staying 

 

The plains of Mount Arafat. Arafat station is the most important pillar of the pilgrimage. The day of Arafat is the ninth day of Dhu al Hijjah, the one preceding the day of sacrifice, Eid al Adha. On Mount Arafat, pilgrims searching intimacy with God and His Prophet. He begs, pleads, glorifies God and makes greetings on the Prophet and his holy family.
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