These amazing pictures were taken in 1889 by Abd al-Ghaffar al-Sayyid, an Indian doctor who lived in Mecca. They are considered the oldest photos on the pilgrimage to Mecca, the fifth pillar of Islam.
The Masjid Al Haram (Holy Mosque), this mosque which is located in Mecca is the first shrine of Islam. The Kaaba is at the center
The city of Mecca taken from different angles
The inhabitants of Mecca owned merchant elites