The pilgrimage is an obligation for every Muslim able to perform once in life. It is intended to purify the soul of sin stains to become worthy of divine grace on earth and in the afterlife.
Can a single woman from the Hajj?
The woman should normally be accompanied by her husband. In the absence of her husband, the woman must be accompanied by a mahram, that is to say, a man she could never marry because of their relationship. This must be a Muslim, pubescent and sane. If there is no mahram, it can be supported by a group of pilgrims without having at least one woman.
So the fact that she travel without a mahram is forbidden and is a disobedience to Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa Salam) who said “Women should not travel without a mahram. ”
‘Aisha said, “We started with the head only completion of the pilgrimage. When we were at Sarif, I had my period. The Messenger of God came into my room at that time and found me in tears. – What have you, I asked he, you have your menses? – Yes, I answered. – This is a matter prescribed by God to the daughters of Adam, he says; pays up what should a pilgrim except processional tour around the Temple (Tawaf).
Then added, ‘Aisha, the Messenger of God sacrificed oxen on behalf of his wives. ”
The woman who is menstruating observe all the rituals of Hajj except Tawaf (procession around the Temple of the Ka’bah).
Hajj of the indisposed or woman in childbirth:
It is permissible for the woman who is menstruating or childbirth after beginning the state of ritual consecration to perform all the rites, except for Tawaf and Sa’y. It will not then make the Tawaf of arrival, if it makes the station to `Arafah. She waits until its rules or its lochies to purify and perform Tawaf of the surge and the
Farewell and perform the Hajj Sa’y if it performs a type Hajj ‘IFRAD. If she intended to perform Hajj type Tamatu`ou Qirân, she would have to perform the rites of Hajj like ‘IFRAD and rites would be exempt from the two other types of Hajj. All this in case it would not be purified before the station to `Arafah, otherwise it will perform the rites of both types.
If it makes the station to` Arafah, being purified, it will have to perform Tawaf of the flood before indisposition, lest it delay Tawaf of the flood until the end of her period.
If she performs Tawaf of breaking then becomes indisposed and if she leaves Makkah before her purification, it will be exempt from the fulfillment of farewell Tawaf.
How the woman goes into state of ihram (consecration) for the pilgrimage (Hajj) and sacred visit (Umrah)
‘Aisha said, “We set out with the Prophet to perform the Farewell Pilgrimage. Some of us began in a state of ihram (consecration) to the holy visit (Umrah) and others for the pilgrimage (Hajj). When we reached Mecca, the Messenger of God said – Let him who is in state of ihram to visit the sacred and which has no victim (to sacrifice) abandons the ihram, as to who has a sacrificial victim, that it whole divest the state of ihram after having sacrificed his victim. As for that which is put in state of ihram for Hajj, he may fully satisfy his pilgrimage.
– Then says’ Aisha, I had my period which lasted until day of ‘Arafah. I had taken of ihram for the sacred visit, as the Prophet ordered me to untie my hair, comb my hair and put me in a state of ihram for Hajj and abandon the holy visit. That’s what I did and made the ritual of the pilgrimage. When I finished, the Prophet sent me with ‘Ben Abderrahmane Abou Bakr and ordered me to accomplish the sacred visit from the place where I had started to Ten’im. ”
The waiting period (iddah)
Post marital waiting period is a period during which the woman is expecting, to ensure that it does not children in obedience to Allah or to grieve following the loss of a spouse .
It is forbidden for women to perform the pilgrimage in the waiting period for the death of her husband but she can go out for Hajj if irreversible divorce.
The peculiarities of the woman:
They are twelve in number:
It is allowed to wear clothes sewn during the period of Ihram, provided they are not dyed with mémécycle, saffron or safflower.
It is allowed to wear slippers and gloves, according to the Hanafi . Wearing gloves is prohibited by the followers of other religious schools.
It must cover their hair.
It should not raise his voice in repeating the Talbiyah.
She did not walk quickly (Ar-Raml) during Tawaf .
it does not al-‘Idhttibâ` and not wait observed in its progress during the Sa’y between the two green signals.
She does not shave her hair, but shortens.
it does not have to touch the Black stone in the presence of a crowd of men. She has to do is just point to that.
She will not have to atone for the failure to perform the farewell Tawaf if she becomes unwell.
She will not have to atone for the delay in fulfilling the Tawaf of the visit to during the days of the slaughter, if the delay or non-performance is due to the rules or lochia.
it makes Tawaf on the sidelines of the sacred enclosure.
it does not stand close to the mountain of Ar Rahma. All this for not being jostled by men.