Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds. Peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions.
The pilgrimage is an act of worship that combines the grandiose physical and financial aspects. This is a kind of jihad for the cause of Allah, Exalted be He, but it does not involve fighting in the words of the Messenger (saw). Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. Perform the pilgrimage is an obligation to the community each year since the verse where Allah, Exalted be He, says (what means): ” And it is a duty to Allah for people who can afford to go make the pilgrimage to the House. “(Quran 3/97). It is from this point of view, a collective obligation. In terms of individuals, it is for each to perform the pilgrimage once in life the words of Allah, Exalted be He (what means): ” for people who have the means to go the pilgrimage to the House “(Quran 3/79). The Messenger (saw) also told him: ” The pilgrimage is done once, and for those who perform more than once, it is a voluntary act (not mandatory) “. This is up to the mercy of Allah, Exalted be He. As the pilgrim needs a lot of money for the pilgrimage, a certain physical strength and he made a long journey, Allah, Exalted be He, has imposed the pilgrimage once in life.
Therefore, the one who can, physically and financially, to perform the pilgrimage, must accomplish by itself.However the one who has the money, but is physically unable due to a permanent disability, must appoint someone to perform in his place, and pay him the costs of the pilgrimage.
As for making the pilgrimage several times, it is a commendable thing as long as it does not cause physical harm because of the rush and accompanying dangers. If there are potential harms, it is best not to perform supererogatory pilgrimage, especially that there are many other good works for those who want to do good, as does give food the poor, help the needy and to take part in charity projects.
It must also respect the rules established by the country for the benefit of pilgrims, such as determining a number of pilgrims from each country. It is not allowed to violate these rules by making the pilgrimage without permission, to not have to assume the responsibility possibly leading to perpetrate prohibited during the Ihraam . It follows from this that the pilgrim does not perform the pilgrimage as it should be because of the crowd who wrongly use grows exemptions during the observance, imperfect thing that makes his pilgrimage, as is the event for women in particular. They are exposed to great danger and suffer unbearable hardship. So it is better for the one who made the first obligatory pilgrimage, not repeat it in these difficult conditions, giving an opportunity to a person who has not yet made the pilgrimage, to perform this religious obligation. Allah, Exalted be He, says (what means):
” Help you one another in performing good deeds and piety and do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allah, for Allah is Severe in punishment! “(Quran 5/2).
Allah, Exalted be He, also says (what means): ” Allah burdens not a person beyond load capacity. ” (Quran 2/286). And as we said earlier, there are so many other good deeds that a Muslim can perform outside the voluntary Hajj and it is possible that the reward of some of these works is greater than the supererogatory pilgrimage if fulfillment is easy, so what if the pilgrimage is difficult to accomplish, as is the case today?Allah, Exalted be He, Who guides to the right path.
May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions.
Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al Fawzaan