Launched there fifteen years by the Mohammed V Foundation, Dar Taliba program has allowed thousands of young girls of rural areas to escape the schooling.Report.
The first rays of sunlight seep into the dorms and just touch the face of Fatima. She closes her eyes to better feel the warm sensation on her skin. “It is rare to have the sunshine in winter. It’s still cold, “she sighs by dégourdissant legs. In Tinghir, small Berber town of 36 000 inhabitants perched at 1300 meters, at the end of the High Atlas, in the south-eastern Morocco, the thermometer showed that day 5 degrees.A temperature bearable when one has heating, hot commodity in this remote corner where the inhabitants have learned to live in extreme conditions: up to – 5 ° C in winter and 40 ° C in summer.
Residents of Dar Taliba
“I have to go,” smiles Fatima, by tying her scarf around her head. It’s 9 am. Like all residents of Dar girls Taliba ( “home of the student”), a shelter built by the Mohammed V Foundation for Solidarity, she is about to go to class. Without this boarding school, which welcomes young rural girls who wish to continue their secondary education, she never could have hoped to arrive in the terminal. “My father did not want, she says. He said that any girl out of the village to study elsewhere becomes a bad girl. ”
Yet Fatima has successfully passed his final year of college Imider, his hometown, with an average of 14/20. When she showed her report card to her father, she thought he was going to congratulate her and give her blessing to leave to study in high school Tinghir, about thirty kilometers. ” I do not have the means. You’ll stay at home! “Did he curtly replied. She spent two days crying. His mother, seeing her daughter moping, had to seek the intervention of his sister, a woman of character who obviously influence over his brother since the evening she managed to convince him to place his daughter the Dar Taliba Tinghir, not far from the school where she has to continue her studies. A revolution in the family!
They come to us with a smile, as if we were their lifeline, explains Hasna Kellal
As Fatima, other residents of Dar Taliba all have a story to tell. There Meriem, an angel face of 16, who would not suffer the same fate as his older sister, and illiterate recluse at home waiting to be married. And then there’s another Fatima, who said her grandfather, guardian of the family, did not want to “waste money educating a girl.” “Conservative Attitudes, remoteness of schools in the villages, poverty … They come to us with a smile, as if we were their lifeline,” explains Hasna Kellal, Director of Dar Taliba Tinghir.
The province of the same name, which covers more than 13 000 km2, has one of the highest rates of poverty in Morocco. The girls are out of school, often for lack of resources. And the numbers are overwhelming. At the beginning of the 2013-2014 school year, 21,589 were enrolled in primary education, 6953 and 3441 college high school. Their number is so reduced as they progress through school.
The success of the formula
The formula Dar Taliba , duplicated everywhere in Morocco, has allowed these girls to continue their education and be eligible for a life other than that intended them to their native village housewives like their mothers, or, in the best case, agricultural workers paid by the day. Families who can afford it pay an annual fee of 1700 dirhams (155 euros). Smaller entitled to a grant from the Ministry of Education as provisions provided in the home.
Victim of its success, the Dar Taliba Tinghir full. The 104 residents aged 12-23 years are in four dormitories summarily furnished and feature a dining room, a reading room, a computer room and a football field. The girls maintain the premises and take care of table service. They manage the household of a fixed manner as if it were their own home. Their time and their movements recorded and they have allowed only one hour of internet access per week.
The success rate exceeded 80% last year, with overall averages between 15 and 16 of 20
In the evening, the educators, who act as second mother, help with homework. And, if the need arises, they can benefit from the support of a social worker. Strict discipline helping the Dar Taliba have borne fruit since the success rate exceeded 80% last year, with overall averages between 15 and 16 out of 20. Toudgha, Taghzout Waklim, Imider … The girls come from all nearby villages, sometimes travel hundreds of kilometers of steep roads to lay their hosting demands. For them, school is not a right but a salvation against conservative traditions that keep them in poverty and subjection.
Dar Taliba waiting means
Khadija Haddane, president of the charity that manages the home Tinghir since its creation in 2006, can not accept all requests. He would need to enlarge it local. But it does not have the means. Financial resources are becoming increasingly scarce and no longer able to cover an operating budget which peaked at 410,000 dirhams this year. And to make matters worse, the National Mutual Aid, a public institution that oversees social projects, has reduced its subsidy (156,000 dirhams), believing that the association must seek other sources of funding.
What to do ? Increase contributions? Parents do not have the means to pay. Solicit patrons? Many prefer to build mosques rather than help what they believe is a home built by the Makhzen, which largely have the means to support himself. All seem to ignore that the Mohammed V Foundation for Solidarity only build walls and concede management of local associations. Launched at the beginning of the reign of Mohammed VI, the Dar Taliba program suffers precariousness of its economic model and the lack of direct aid to associations. But it has allowed thousands of girls attend school and hope to choose a day and their trade and meet their own needs.