The birth of a child is this unique family event, which marks our beings forever. This great event is accompanied by Sunnas, traditions that the Prophet ( ‘alaihi wasallam) has given us. These practices we have previously mentioned the fact of announcing the birth and the practice of tahnik . Today we continue our return by focusing the first to give than to the well ‘Aqiqa to perform.
Give a beautiful name for the child
Having a beautiful name is a right of the child. Indeed, as an immature being and devoid of speech, it should choose him a name he proudly bear throughout his life.
For this, we must remember, dear brothers and sisters, that our children will be called by their first names in the Day of Resurrection.Thus that (Abu Dawud reported the words of the Prophet ( ‘alaihi wasallam): “You will be called the Day of Resurrection by your names and those of your fathers, so choose beautiful names.” (Abu Dawud and Ahmad ). Giving a beautiful name to the child is a duty for every Muslim parent.
The importance of giving a good name to the child is such that the Messenger of Allah (alaihi wasallam) changed the names that were bad. It is in this sense that ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: “The Prophet (‘ alaihi wasallam) changed bad names” (At-Tirmidhy). It renaming and his companions (may Allah be pleased with him), such as’ Abd ar-Rahman ibn ‘awf (raa), one of the ten Companions promised Paradise, formerly called’ Abd al ka’ba . The Prophet ( ‘alaihi wasallam) therefore renamed the’ Abd ar-Rahman.
The Prophet ( ‘alaihi wasallam) also renowned zaineb then called Barra. He changed his name because it was a laudatory connotation, meaning dedicated Barra. He opted for zaineb, a beautiful tree, as explained by Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him):“zaineb previously called Barra. This gave the impression that she showed off. It was then that the Prophet ( ‘alaihi wasallam) gave him the name of zaineb “ (Bukhari and Muslim).
The Messenger of Allah (alaihi wasallam) informed us of male names that our Lord loves. Thus he said, according to ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him): “The best names you wear are with Allah:’ Abd Allah Abd ar Rahman” (Muslim). So we know what Allah prefers male names, al Hamdulillah. The Prophet ( ‘alaihi wasallam) also said: “Take the names of the Prophets are the best names for Allah Abd Allah Abd ar-Rahman; the most truthful names are Harith (the doer) and Hammam (who think) and the worst are Harb (war) and Murra (bitter) “ (Abu Dawud and Nasa’i).
The ‘Aqiqa or sacrifice to accomplish after birth
The ‘Aqiqa is this sacrifice to make on the occasion of a birth. It is a Sunnah approved, recognized and applied. However, some scholars consider that it is mandatory in honor of a birth. The ‘Aqiqa is to sacrifice an animal (usually a sheep) for the birth of a daughter and two to that of a boy.
This sacrifice is preferably carried out in September, fourteen or twenty-one days after birth as explained by Shaykh al Albani (may Allah have mercy on him): these three dates have been reported by various ahaadeeth, which proves their legitimacy on the ‘Aqiqa. For parents who have not done to these dates, they need to do it any other day.The fulfillment of the ‘Aqiqa the seventh day is a Sunnah reported by Abu Dawud (may Allah be pleased with him) who said that the Prophet (alayhi wasallam) said: “The’ Aqiqa responsibility of every boy: it is slaughtered a beast on the seventh day, it is clean and it is given a name “ (Ibn Maja and Tirmidhy). It is therefore best to make this sacrifice seven days after the birth of the child.
The ‘Aqiqa is a way to thank our Lord for the gift that He has blessed us. The benefit of this sacrifice is spiritual. The eminent scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) explained the benefit of this sacrifice for the child: “The ‘Aqiqa therefore has the function of freeing and releasing children from prison of the Devil” .
Recall that the ‘Aqiqa be performed, be it the birth of a boy or a girl. Indeed, when Umm Karz asked the Messenger of Allah (alaihi wasallam) about it, he replied: “Two sheep for a boy and a sheep to the girl; whether they are male or female “ (Abu Dawud and Tirmidhy).
Obviously, the ‘Aqiqa must be made by one who has the financial capacity. He who is deprived or has not really afford to sacrifice an animal, it is not its responsibility to do so.
When completing the sacrifice, it should issue an invocation, as is the Sunnah. This was reported by Aisha (may Allah be pleased with him) according to which the Prophet (alayhi wasallam) said: “So kill in His name and say” Oh Allah, she is Yours and returns to You . This is the ‘Aqiqa so and so “- Allahumma wa laka ilayka hadhihi’ aqiqatou Foulan” . This invocation is within the Sunnah, so it is best to pronounce it but if this was not done, the ‘Aqiqa is still valid as explained by Ibn Al Munzir. And Allah knows best.
Note, dear brothers and sisters, as was reported earlier, that must also shave the head of the newborn and seven days after birth according to what was ordered our beloved ( ‘alaihi wa salat salam). All this is part of Sunnas to accomplish after the birth of a child. Practicing these prophetic traditions take many wisdoms, which we can not grasp the whole.
May Allah save our children in the right way and we facilitate their education. That He allows us all to work in the well and get his satisfaction.