The issue of gender equality is important, relevant and current. The discussions and writings on the subject, never end and have pretty views diversified. The Islamic view on the issue is
the least understood and most deformed, both by the non-Muslims and Muslims. This article proposes to a brief overview of the position of Islam in this respect .
1 the foundations of equality
spiritual and human in Islam At the heart of darkness that had covered the world of the time, the divine revelation appeared in the vast Arabian desert, the seventh century, with a message new, noble and universal for all mankind. This message, that is found in the Qur’an and the sunnah, was as follows:
according to the Quran, man and woman
have the same spiritual nature:
“O mankind! Fear your Lord, Who created you from a single soul and has created from it, his companion; then [the union of] these two, He proliferate on all sides a multitude men and women. “(S 4: 1, see as S 7: 189, 16:72 S, S 42:11). God has given to both sexes dignity
inherent to their human nature and made men and women Its representatives on earth. (17:70 S, S 2:30). The Quran does not blame the woman for the “fall of man” or sees pregnancy and childbirth as punishment for “Ate from the forbidden tree.” the Rather, the Qur’an presents Adam and Eve as also their responsibility peach. Both repent and all Both receive God’s forgiveness (S 2: 36-37 and S 7: 19-27). In fact, in a Koranic verses dealing with the subject (S 20: 121), it is Adam who is blamed. Furthermore, the Qur’an considers the Pregnancy and childbirth endured the woman are reasons enough for children to demonstrate deep love and respect and fans of their mother (S 31:14 and 46:15 S). Men and Women have the same responsibilities and religious and moral duties. each be human, regardless of gender, should face the consequences of his actions: The Koran is very clear on the alleged superiority or inferiority every human being, man or was he wife. The only criteria that can determine the superiority of one be human to another is piety and not gender, color or nationality. (S 49:13).
the finances of Women in Islam
the right to own property Personal: Islam has given Muslim right which have been deprived women before and after Islam (even until this century), the right to financial independence. The law Islamic recognizes fully the women, the right to property, they whether married or not. They can buy, sell or rent according to their will. For this reason, the Muslim may keep her maiden name of the daughter after marriage, a sign of his
financial independence as Corporation. financial security and the laws inheritance: Financial security is assured for women. She can receive this in terms of sincerity of his love (dot) from her husband, and, once married, all it has continued to belong but her. No married woman is required to spend anything for the household. It has, moreover, the right Full financial support from its husband, both during the marriage and during the “waiting period” in case divorce. Some jurists require As man supports his wife divorced during the year following the divorce (or until the woman remarries, if it does so before the period one year is finished). If she had one or more children with her ex-husband, it must sustain. In general, the Muslim can count on financial support while Throughout his life, whether girl wife, mother or sister. these advantages financial enjoyed by the woman and not man are compensated therefor, by the laws of inheritance, which grant, in most cases, twice men and women. The man not always inherits a larger sum that the woman; sometimes it she inherits more. Where man inherits more is that it is responsible for financial support the women in his family: his wife, his daughters, his mother, his sisters. Wife inherits a large sum less, but has no obligation to spend on her family; so it can dispose as he wants, investing, etc. He be emphasized that before Islam, the Women were sometimes themselves !, legacy data (S 4:19). The Quran clearly states that both Men and women are entitled to a share specific to the estate of a parent deceased. God said, “To Men (a family) returns a portion of what left their parents and relatives, and women a share of that which left their parents and their relatives, it be little or much – a share determined. “(S 4: 7)
Employment: In terms of the law Women engaged in paid employment, it must first mention that Islam considers that the primary role of the woman in society is that of mother
and wife. Neither good nor babysitters Children can not replace a mother with her child. A role as noble and vital that shapes largely the future of entire nations, not may be underestimated. However, no Islamic decree that prohibits a woman to be employed when the need felt, especially in positions that suitable to its character and in which the company most needs it.
the social aspects of woman Islam
as a girl: The Qur’an has a end the cruel practice of infanticide female, widespread at the time Pre-Islamic. God says, “… when ask the girl buried alive For what sin she was killed … “(S 81: 8-9). To some parents coming to learn the birth of a girl, Quran criticizes, moreover, their attitude very unwelcoming “And when ad to one of them the birth of a girl, his face darkens and anger deep over him. He hides people because of the bad news he has had,
(And wonders) if it is to keep it, despite the shame, or should bury underground! What poor judgment that their! “(S 16: 58-59). Parents have duty to support their daughters and to
show good and fair to them. The Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: “Whoever raises two girls until they maturity, he and I will present and the Day of Judgment (and showed two fingers glued together). ” A crucial aspect of education daughters, which greatly influences their
Future is their schooling. The schooling is not only a right but a responsibility for all, men and women. The Prophet Mohammed said: “Seek to acquire knowledge is mandatory for every
Muslim. “The term ‘Muslim’ here is generic.
as wife: Marriage in Islam is based on peace, love and mutual compassion and not on the
mere satisfaction of sexual desires. The Qur’an says: “And among His signs is that He
created for you mates from among yourselves that you may dwell in peace with them. And He has put between you love and mercy. There is in that are signs for those who reflect. “(S 30:21; see also S 42:11 and S 2: 228). The woman perfect right to accept or reject a marriage proposal. Under Islamic law, a woman may be married to anyone against will. The husband is responsible support, protection and a Overall, the leadership of his family, in a spirit of consultation (S 2: 233) and goodness (S 4:19). The complementarity of the roles of husband and the woman does not mean that there has bid for one another. The Prophet thus addressed, the Muslims on their way to treat their wives: “I ask you to be good to women. “and “The best of you are those which are the best to their wife. “The Qur’an urges men to show good and respectful to their wife, even if she lost of his grace in his eyes and he loves
less than before: “And comportezvous properly towards them; if you have an aversion to them it Perhaps you dislike something in which God has placed much good. “(S 4:19).
To be continued