Praise be to Allaah
First, it is a community obligation to ask for mercy for the author of a sneeze, provided he praises Allah. This means that if one person asks for mercy for him, the others are no longer required to do so. But if nobody does, everyone is sin. This is indicated in the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah) said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and salvation be upon him) said: “Every Muslim has five (things) to his brother in Islam: making the salvation, ask for mercy for the author of a sneeze … “ (reported by Muslim). Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Zaydiyya (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Our companions and others have had a difference of opinion about the visit to the sick, prayer to the author of a sneeze and texts saluer..Les initiative indicate that this is compulsory. So we can say that the case of Community obligations. “ (From al-Fatwa al-Kubra).
Second, if someone sneezes more than three times, we pray that he be healed by report narrated by Malik in al-Muwatta from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr who had it from his father that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and salvation be upon him) said: “if he sneezes, pray for him, then he sneezes, pray for him even if he sneezes and said: you’re really soufrant. “ Abdullah said: I do not know whether to say this after the 3rd or 4th sneeze. According Salamah ibn al-Akwa ‘(may Allaah) the Messenger of Allah (blessings and salvation be upon him) said: “we pray three times to the author of a sneeze. If he still continues to sneeze, then it is cold. “ (Reported by Ibn Maajah and declared authentic in Saheeh Ibn Maajah). An-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “If someone continues to sneeze successively Sunnah teaches that seeking divine mercy for him until the third time. It was reported to us in Saheeh Muslim and Sunan Abu Daud and Tirmidhi at. from Salamah ibn al Akwaa (may Allaah) that he heard someone sneeze in the presence of the Prophet (blessings and salvation be upon him). The latter said: “May Allah grant you His divine mercy). Then the man sneezed again and the Messenger of Allah (blessings and salvation be upon him) said: “This is a cold man.”This version is Muslim. As for versions Abu Dawood and Tirmidhi, they are told to Salamah: “A man sneezed in front of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and salvation be upon him) in my presence. The latter said: May Allah grant you mercy). When the same man sneezed a second and third times, the Messenger of Allah (blessings and salvation be upon him) said: “May Allah grant you mercy. He is a man cold. “ At.-Tirmidhi calls this hadeeth of ‘good and authentic (Kitab al-Adhkaar extract). Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked in these terms: “it is necessary to pray for the author of a sneeze in the same way, even if he sneezed three more times? . “ He replied,” If he sneezes three times and that each time you apply God’s mercy for him, you have to say after the 3rd time: “May Allah grant you peace.” For it is cold. Said: may Allah grant you peace because you are cold. You say: “May Allah grant you peace” and you say you’re cold to prevent it understands you ask Allah Most High to forgive an act of rebellion or sin.That’s why you said to him . “You’re cold,” That’s the only reason you ask Allah to grant him peace “(Liqaa extract al-Bab al-bab al Maftouh) .Allah it. knows best.
Praise be to Allaah